Literacy
Numeracy
Science
Geography
History
I.C.T.
D.T.
Art
Music
P.E.
R.E.
P.S.H.E.
S.E.N.
General

A Geographical Dictionary

A dictionary of geographical terms.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
     
Word Description
atmosphere: The mass of gasses that surround the earth and are held in position by gravity.
arroyo: A gully that has been carved by water.
atoll: Coral reef that surrounds a lagoon.
         
bay: An inlet of sea where the land curves inwards.
beach: An often sandy area formed where an ocean, sea or lake meets land.
bog: An area of wet, spongy ground.
brook: A stream.
         
canyon: A deep gorge. Often created by a stream or river.
cave: An underground opening or passage.
city: A settlement with a population of at least 100 000. Traditionally, a city was a settlement with a cathedral.
cliff: A steep rock-face near to the sea.
cloud: Small droplets of water high in the air that form together so that they become visible.
coast: An area where the land meets the sea.
conurbation: An urban area containing over 1 million people.
            
desert: A dry area of land that gets very little rain.
drizzle: A light rain with small drops.
dune: A mound of sand created by the wind.
            
fen: An area of spongy, marshy land.
forest: A large area of trees.
             
glacier: A moving bank of ice formed by the build up of snow on high ground.
gorge: A narrow valley with steep walls. Often has a stream or river running through it.
            
hamlet: A small cluster of houses in the countryside with no shops or schools, etc.
hill: A raised area of land. Not as high as a mountain.
            
iceberg: A mass of floating ice.
island: A piece of land completely surrounded by water.
            
lagoon: A shallow pool separated from a larger area of water by a reef or sand bank.
lake: A large area of water surrounded by land.
              
marsh: An area of wet, spongy land.
meadow: An area of low-lying grassy land.
mountain: A raised area of land. Higher than a hill.
           
ocean: A very large area of water. There are five of these in the World - the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and Antartic.
             
plain: An area of treeless land.
            
rain: Water that falls as drops from clouds.
ravine: A deep, narrow gorge.
reef: A ridge of rock or coral near to the surface of the sea.
river: A flow of water that usually ends in a lake or the sea.
            
sea: A large area of water. Smaller than an ocean.
snow: Ice crystals that fall from clouds as flakes.
stream: A flow of water. Smaller than a river.
swamp: An area of wet, spongy land.
             
town: A settlement containing more schools, shops and leisure activities than a village but not as large as a city.
                 
valley: A low area of land with hills or mountains on either side. Often has a stream or river running through it.
village: A small settlement. Villages usually contain at least one shop, public house, church and primary school.
volcano: A hill or mountain which has an opening from which lava, steam or gasses continuously or occasionally erupt.
                   
waterfall: Where a river or stream descends steeply.
wood: An area of trees.

      Last updated:  14th April 2006

     

First School Years - A Geographical Dictionary